Saturday, April 11, 2009

Genome Information for Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Kingdom: Bacteria
Division: Firmicutes
Class: Mollicutes
Order: Mycoplasmatales
Family: Mycoplasmataceae
Genus: Mycoplasma
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae was linked to respiratory infection by Roux and Nocard in 1989. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the bacteria spread through respiration system and usually causes infection.
  • It was found when Roux and Nocard isolated the organisms from bovine pleuropneumonia specimens (another respiratory system infectious caused by other bacteria).
  • The infection causes by Mycoplasma pneumoniae such as tracheobranchitis and primary atypical pneumonia.
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae is characterized by small genome and their lack of cell walls.
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae has a genome of 800kb which has been mapped by researchers in germany in Richard Hermann's laboratory.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae chromosome mapped using EcoRI.

  • Based on the research that done by Richard Hermann in the Genome Project, it was proved that the genome size of Mycoplasma pneumoniae is 816394bp long.
  • The length of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae's coding regions is 724174bp and it corresponds to 88.7% of the entire genome.